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What do you mean by the hourglass structure?

What do you mean by the hourglass structure?

What do you mean by the hourglass structure?

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Jeeba Lal Aug. 10, 2018

Hourglass organization structure consists of three layers in an organisation structure with constricted middle layer. The structure has a short and narrow middle management level.

The frequent development in information technology has altered the functioning of organizations. The role played by middle management is diminishing as the tasks performed by them are increasingly being replaced by the technological tools.


Information technology links the top and bottom levels in the organization taking away many tasks that are performed by the middle level managers. A shrunken middle layer coordinates diverse lower level activities.

Decision making authority is shifted close to the source of information so that it is faster. However, with the reduced size of middle management, the promotion opportunities for the lower levels diminish significantly.

What do you mean by the hourglass structure?

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